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John Lennon

John Winston Ono Lennon MBE (9 October 1940 – 8 December 1980) was an English singer, songwriter, and peace activist who co-founded the Beatles,[2] the most commercially successful band in the history of popular music. He and fellow member Paul McCartney formed a much-celebrated songwriting partnership. Along with George Harrison and Ringo Starr, the group would ascend to worldwide fame during the 1960s.

John Lennon

John Lennon

He was born as John Winston Lennon in Liverpool, where he became involved in the skiffle craze as a teenager. In 1957, he formed his first band, the Quarrymen, which evolved into the Beatles in 1960. Lennon began to record as a solo artist before the band’s break-up in April 1970; two of those songs were “Give Peace a Chance” and “Instant Karma!” Lennon subsequently produced albums that included John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band and Imagine, and songs such as “Working Class Hero”, “Imagine” and “Happy Xmas (War Is Over)”. After he married Yoko Ono in 1969, he added “Ono” as one of his middle names. Lennon disengaged himself from the music business in 1975 to raise his infant son Sean, but re-emerged with Ono in 1980 with the album Double Fantasy. He was shot and killedin the archway of his Manhattan apartment building three weeks after the album was released.

Lennon revealed a rebellious nature and acerbic wit in his music, writing, drawings, on film and in interviews. Controversial through his political and peace activism, he moved from London to Manhattan in 1971, where his criticism of the Vietnam War resulted in a lengthy attempt by the Nixon administration to deport him. Some of his songs were adopted as anthems by the anti-war movement and the larger counterculture.

By 2012, Lennon’s solo album sales in the United States had exceeded 14 million units. He had 25 number-one singles on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart as a writer, co-writer, or performer. In 2002, Lennon was voted eighth in a BBC poll of the 100 Greatest Britonsand in 2008, Rolling Stone ranked him the fifth-greatest singer of all time. In 1987, he was posthumously inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame. Lennon was twice posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: first in 1988 as a member of the Beatles and again in 1994 as a solo artist. At age 15, Lennon formed the skiffle group, the Quarrymen. Named after Quarry Bank High School, the group was established by Lennon in September 1956.[33] By the summer of 1957, the Quarrymen played a “spirited set of songs” made up of half skiffle and half rock and roll.[34]Lennon first met Paul McCartney at the Quarrymen’s second performance, which was held in Woolton on 6 July at the St. Peter’s Church garden fête. Lennon then asked McCartney to join the band.[35]

McCartney said that Aunt Mimi “was very aware that John’s friends were lower class”, and would often patronise him when he arrived to visit Lennon.[36] According to Paul’s brother Mike, McCartney’s father was also disapproving, declaring that Lennon would get his son “into trouble”,[37] although he later allowed the fledgling band to rehearse in the McCartneys’ front room at 20 Forthlin Road.[38][9] During this time, 18-year-old Lennon wrote his first song, “Hello Little Girl”, a UK top 10 hit for The Fourmost nearly five years later

After the Beatles’ final concert on 29 August 1966, Lennon was deprived of the routine of live performances; he felt lost and considered leaving the band.[65] Since his involuntary introduction to LSD, he had increased his use of the drug and was almost constantly under its influence for much of 1967.[66] According to biographer Ian MacDonald, Lennon’s continuous experimentation with LSD during the year brought him “close to erasing his identity”.[67] The year 1967 saw the release of “Strawberry Fields Forever”, hailed by Timemagazine for its “astonishing inventiveness”,[68] and the group’s landmark album Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band, which revealed lyrics by Lennon that contrasted strongly with the simple love songs of the ‘Lennon–McCartney’ early years.

After the Beatles were introduced to the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, the group attended an August weekend of personal instruction at his Transcendental Meditation seminar in Bangor, Wales.[69] During the seminar, they were informed of Epstein’s death. “I knew we were in trouble then”, Lennon said later. “I didn’t have any misconceptions about our ability to do anything other than play music, and I was scared”.[70] Led primarily by Harrison and Lennon’s interest in Eastern religion, the Beatles later travelled to Maharishi’s ashram in India for further guidance.[71] While there, they composed most of the songs for The Beatles and AbbeyRoad

In 1970, Lennon and Ono went through primal therapy with Arthur Janov in Los Angeles, California. Designed to release emotional pain from early childhood, the therapy entailed two half-days a week with Janov for four months; he had wanted to treat the couple for longer, but they felt no need to continue and returned to London.[9] Lennon’s debut solo album, John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band (1970), was received with praise by many music critics, but its highly personal lyrics and stark sound limited its commercial performance.[97] Critic Greil Marcus remarked, “John’s singing in the last verse of ‘God’ may be the finest in all of rock.”[98] The album featured the song “Mother”, in which Lennon confronted his feelings of childhood rejection,[99] and the Dylanesque “Working Class Hero”, a bitter attack against the bourgeois social system which, due to the lyric “you’re still fucking peasants”, fell foul of broadcasters.[100][101] The same year, Tariq Ali expressed his revolutionary political views when he interviewed Lennon. This inspired the singer to write “Power to the People”. Lennon also became involved with Ali during a protest against the prosecution of Oz magazine for alleged obscenity. Lennon denounced the proceedings as “disgusting fascism”, and he and Ono (as Elastic Oz Band) released the single “God Save Us/Do the Oz” and joined marches in support of the magazine

Taylor Swift, Selena Gomez, Beyoncé, Rihanna, Katy Perry, Ariana Grande, Lady Gaga

hallo today we are shooting about the artist of female singers who again hits in the world, of course we are familiar with their faces or single hits, well now I will review a little about the biodata of each of your favorite artist. oh yes do not forget to always follow and buy their original product, ..7 most popular female singers in the world Taylor Swift, Selena Gomez, Beyoncé, Rihanna, Katy Perry, Ariana Grande, Lady Gaga

The best female singers currently performing and making some of the best pop songs of 2018 could easily be among the best of all time without contest. Including new female artists who are rising stars in music, these are the most talented female singers in the world (and some of the most successful female musicians as well) here for you to rank from best to worst.

These women represent some of the women who have sold the most albums, female singers with the most awards (including women who have won Grammys), female vocalists with incredible vocal ranges, and just some of the most talented women in entertainment. Some of these top female singers, like Florence Welch, are just becoming exposed to a wide audience, while others like Adele and Taylor Swift are known around the world for their vocal talents.

Featuring young pop stars, famous artists, black vocalists, and more, this list has it all!

Who are the greatest female singers today? Which women are the best vocalists? Are the best female singers today the most popular girl singers ever? These are tough questions we’ll attempt to answer with this list of the best current female singers. If your favorite female singer isn’t on the list, make sure to add her so she can contend for the #1 spot as the top current female singer.


Taylor Swift

Taylor Alison Swift (Taylor Swift) is an American singer-songwriter. She was born on December 13, 1989 in Reading, Pennsylvania. She is best known for writing break up songs and for having more than 5 Grammys. She became interested in country music when she was around 9 years old and after watching a documentary about Faith Hill, Swift felt that she should go to Nashville to begin a country music career. She then signed a contract with RCA Records and begin to write songs. She also worked with Nathan Chapman for her debut album, but she then left RCA because she was afraid that the label wanted her to record the work when she was 18 years old.

Scout Borchetta, who was once a CEO of DreamWorks Records, saw her when she perform on a club and became interested in her. He offered Swift a contract with his independent record label, Big Machine Records. In late 2006, Swift released her debut album, Taylor Swift, which peaked at number 5 on Billboard 200. Taylor Swift become one of best-selling album of 2007 and 2008 on United States. In 2008, she released her first international crossover success album, Fearless which debuted at number 1 on Billboard 200. Fearless became one of best-selling album of 2008 and later became best-selling album of 2009 in the United States. It also generated top five on Billboard Hot 100 singles like Love Story and You Belong With Me which has peaked number 4 and 2 respectively. In order to boost the popularity of Fearless, she tours around North America, Australia and England. Fearless earned various nominations including MTV Video Music Awards which You Belong With Me was nominated for Best Female Video. During the ceremony, You Belong With Me won as Best Female Video beating Beyoncé’s Single Ladies (Put Ring On It), but Kanye West interrupted when she still was on speech. In 2009 American Music Awards, she won 5 awards out of her 6 nominations. Fearless also received two Grammy Awards nominations at the 52th Grammy Awards including Album of The Year and won both making Swift the youngest singer to received Album Of The Year. Following the success of Fearless, many critics dubbed her as “The New Shania Twain” due to her crossover appeal from country music to pop music. In early 2010, Swift released a standout single from the Valentine’s Day Soundtrack which debuts at number 2 on Billboard 200, just behind Kesha’s Tik Tok. She also got a role as Felicia Miller in Valentine’s Day which she starred along with her next ex-boyfriend ‘Taylor Lautner’.

She released her third studio album, Speak Now, in 2010. It debuted at number 1 and sold over 1 million copies in the first week in USA. Speak Now become third best-selling album of 2010 on United States. The lead single Mine debuted at number 3 on Billboard Hot 100. Back to December, Mean, Ours, and Sparks Fly reached top twenty on the Billboard Hot 100. The Story of Us only reached number 41 on Billboard Hot 100, making it the lowest charting single from Speak Now. She also announced the Speak Now Tour which began right after the release of Speak Now. Her first live album, Speak Now World Tour – Live was released in late 2011. During late 2011 and early 2012, she released two singles from The Hunger Games: Songs From District 12 and Beyond, Safe and Sound and Eyes Open which both reached top thirteen on Billboard Hot 100. Eyes Open become highest peak for any Hunger Games trilogy soundtrack but was surpassed by The Hanging Tree by James Newton Howard featuring vocal from American actress, Jennifer Lawrence which the song peaked at number 12 on Billboard 200.

The last country album released by Swift was Red which was released in late October 2012, debuted at no. 1 and sold 1.21 million copies in the first week. Red became the second best-selling album of 2012 on United States just behind Adele’s 21 in only two month after the release with sold only 3.1 million copies. At the first week opening sales Red , many songs from Red appear on Billboard 100 , Billboard Bubbling Under Hot 100 and Canadian Hot 100 due to strong digital sales in both country. The lead single, We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together peaked at number 1 on Billboard Hot 100, making it first number one single by Taylor Swift. Begin Again and Red manage to peaked at top ten on Billboard Hot 100 when both released as a countdown from the album. I Knew You Were Trouble firstly was released as promotional single and have sold 400,000 digital downloads and debuted at number 3 on Billboard Hot 100. After being released as a single, I Knew You Were Trouble climbed to no. 2 from no. 5 and sold 580,000 at the week ending January 8, 2013 on Billboard Hot 100 . She also promoted the album with launching The Red Tour which toured over North America, Europe, Oceania and Asia.

Her first pop focused album, 1989 was release internationally on 27 October 2014 and sold 3.66 million on 2014 alone.1989 become best-selling of 2014 on United States with only two month after release and beating Frozen (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) which sold 3.57 million in 2014 and it also become second best-selling album of 2015 on United States just behind Adele’s 25. It contains three number one singles on Billboard Hot 100; Bad Blood (Remix), Blank Space and Shake It Off. Two promotional singles were also released as the countdown from the album; Welcome to New York and Out of the Woods which both managed to peaked within top fifty on Billboard Hot 100 . Later on February 2015, three promotional single were also released; New Romantics (Later released as single from 1989), Wonderland and You Are In Love, which all songs manage to enter Billboard Hot 100 due to strong digital sales. 1989 also the fastest selling album in over 10 years which sold 5 million only 9 month after the release since Usher’s Confessions which sold 7.98 million with 9 months after the release. She also promoting 1989 by launching The 1989 World Tour that tours North American, Europe, Asian and Oceania. A concert film, The 1989 World Tour – Live was released exclusively on Apple Music on December 20, 2015.The concert was filming on her stopped on November 27, 2015; ANZ Stadium, Sydney on Australia. For her efforts in creating 1989, Swift received many nominations and won many awards such as on Billboard Music Awards, MTV Video Music Awards, American Music Awards and iHeart Radio Music Awards 2016 winning Album of the Year. 1989 also won in the 58th Grammy Awards by winning Album of the Year and Best Pop Vocal Album. 1989 also received nomination again on 2016 Billboard Music Awards as Album of The Year.

Swift’s sixth album “Reputation” was released in November 10, 2017. A highly anticipated album, Reputation has spawned two successful single “Look What You Made Me Do” and “…Ready For It” and two minor hit singles “End Game” and “New Year’s Day”. The album received widespread acclaim from critics who deeming it her best album to date. The album lyrical has varies from love, brake-up to edgier Taylor, sex and her post feud with Kanye West. The album also broke the records for the fastest album top ever top USA iTunes store and hold the record for highest weekly sales in 2017 in United States. The album also debuted at number one in UK, Australia, Canada and New Zealand. Though the album experienced a dramatic sales drop from week to week, it still yet the best-selling album in United States for 2017.

In November 2014, Swift removed all her catalogue except songs from Hunger Games Soundtrack and a few songs that have license from Big Machine Records from Spotify because the streaming company not provides higher royalties to songwriter. CEO of Big Machine Records state that Swift was paid $500,000 only all over twelve months. Spotify gave a statement that they have paid two million dollar to Swift all over twelve months. Swift later stating “I’m not willing to contribute my life’s work to an experiment I don’t feel fairly compensates [artists]”. Still though, she then returns to streaming services on June 2017.

Swift criticized Apple Music in an open latter who not offering royalties to artists during 3 months free trial periods and will pull 1989 from Apple Music. A day later, Apple announcement that they will paid artists during three-month free trials and Swift agreed to put 1989 on Apple Music.

Taylor Swift is one most popular singers in the United States with public awareness being about 90%. Swift is known for making break up songs which causing a backlash from media and critics.

Selena Gomez

Selena Gomez Selena Marie Gomez is an American actress and singer. She is best known for songs like “Come & Get It”, “Good For You”, “Same Old Love”, and “Naturally”. Selena Gomez’s voice is mezzo-soprano but she usually sings in alto. She is best known for her role as Alex Russo in Wizards of Waverly Place.

She has been my favourite singer since I was 4. All her songs are inspiring and beautiful. I think she should be number 1. People find her voice and music trash but I don’t. She’s gorgeous from inside and outside. I would totally vote for her and want others to do that too.+7

She is the best singer I have ever seen in my life nobody can defeat her she is beautiful, sexy, hot, kind, sweet, popular and… at the end I can proudly say is is the best who says ariana grande is better than her she is the best best she has her own face and body without any surgery but ariana grande is full of surgery and her voice is awfull but selena is a real angel and she is every boys girl crush+4

She is most gorgeous singer and actress of all the time and should be no. 1. I don’t know why people don’t like her and her music. She is my favourite singer and I had a girl crush on her. She is suffering with lupus and had a kidney transplant but still going with her career. I don’t know why I her so much. And I am her biggest fan of all the time. I am her mega fan, the biggest fan of selena. SELENATOR and also a fan of jelena (justin Bieber and selena gomez)


Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter, is an American singer and actress, who started out in the popular pop/r&b girl group Destiny’s Child. They had multiple top 5 hits such as “No, No, No”, “Say My Name”, “Bills, Bills, Bills”, “Survivor”, “Independent Women”, “Bootylicious”, and “Jumpin’, Jumpin” from 1999 to 2004. After they broke up in 2006, Beyonce pursued her solo career, creating smash hits such as “Crazy In Love”, “Single Ladies”, “Halo”, “Partition”, “Irreplaceable”, “Drunk In Love”, “Baby Boy”, “Beautiful Liar”, “7/11”, and “Run The World (Girls)”, and has since become one of the most influential performers and biggest celebrities of the 21st century .

To me… she’s the greatest. She has been able to combine her music and marriage career pretty well let’s also not forget she’s the biggest female artiste touring worldwide. She deserves to be number one+4

Her singing, dancing and performances is so beautiful and she has an amazing personality also a beautiful face and body. To me she is the best singer of this year, last year and promise you next year+1

Not really a singer, but a “Performance Artist” as Carlos Santana accurately observed.


Robyn Rihanna Fenty is a Barbadian pop singer . Born in Saint Michael and raised in Bridgetown, she first entered the music industry by recording demo tapes under the direction of record producer Evan Rogers in 2003. She ultimately signed a recording contract with Def Jam Recordings after auditioning for its then-president, hip-hop producer and rapper Jay Z.

Katy Perry

Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson, professionally known by her stage name Katy Perry, was born on October 25, 1984 in Santa Barbara, California. She is a singer, songwriter, actress and an ambassador on one of the most popular companies of now, UNICEF.

She is also is one of the best-selling artists of all time. She won 4 Guinness World Records, 5 MTV Awards, 5 American Music Awards, 16’ASCAP Pop Music Awards, 5 Billboard Music Awards, 14 People’s Choice, 1 Juno Award, 2 Myx Music Awards, 3 NRJ Awards, 6 Teen Choice and a Brit Award.

Katy, herself was once a Christian-genre singer and was only known at Santa Barbara. She signed at Columbia Records but been dropped but got hired at Capitol Records.

In 2008, she released her first single I Kissed A Girl which got mixed reviews but became a successful hit. In the same year, she also released her second single Hot n Cold which got nominated for Best Female Video of the Year but lost to Taylor Swift’s You Belong With Me.

In 2010, she released 3 singles (California Girls, Teenage Dreams and Firework) that got nominated in the Grammy but lost to other singers. Also, at the same year, she was one of the judges in American Idol.

In 2011, a remixed version of E.T. became the 4th single off Teenage Dream, topped the Billboard Hot 100 for 5 weeks. Teenage Dream became the ninth album to produce 4 number ones. Last Friday Night (T.G.I.F) became a single and topped Number 1. She became the first female singer to achieve 5 number one singles at the same album and second after Michael Jackson’s Bad. She married Russell Brand but got divorced after 14 months of marriage.

In 2012, she ventured into business and made her first perfume, Purr and her second perfume, Meow. She was also named the Woman of the Year by Billboard.

In 2013, she released Roar as the lead single from the album Prism on August 10. She also released Unconditionally as the second single on October 16, and then released the album Prism after two days and got positive reviews. She also released her 3rd fragrance, Killer Queen.

In 2014, Dark Horse was released as the 3rd single and the ninth number-one single from Katy Perry. Her music video made her the first female artist to have 1 billion views but also found offensive to Muslims and Egyptians and been banned in most parts in Africa. Birthday and This is How We Do followed as the fourth and fifth single in the album and at the same year, she released her 4th fragrance, Royal Revolution

In 2015, she headlined the Super Bowl Halftime Show which was the most-watched performance of all time. In the same year, she was one of the cameos in Bitch I’m Madonna and in the same month, she released Mad Potion

In 2016, she appeared as herself in Zoolander 2. Also, in the same year, she released the song “Rise” which was supposedly became the anthem for the 2016 Olympics which was featured in Brazil.

In 2017, she decided to switch her hair color from the long black hair to the current short blonde hair.

Ariana Grande

She deserves number 1 and always has Ariana Grande is my queen way better than Selena Gomez she is the worst I love Ari from the bottom of my heart she has an amazing strong powerful voice that beats everybody which deserves first place brilliant actress and singer I love her so much, She is amazing!She has the best

vocals on everything! And she has one of the strongest voices+8, She is great singer and she is sooo so sooo pretty…

Ariana Grande-Butera, known professionally as Ariana Grande, is an American singer and actress. She was born on June 26th 1993 in Boca Raton, Florida to Joan Grande and Edward Butera. She is best known for her role as Cat Valentine on the Nickelodeon sitcom Victorious and its spin-off show Sam & Cat. She later became a singer with hit singles like Problem, Break Free, Love Me Harder, Bang Bang, Into You and Side to Side. She has received two Grammy nominations. As of 2016, she has sold 4 million albums worldwide.

Lady Gaga

Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta, known professionally as Lady Gaga, is an American singer, songwriter, and actress. She is the first female artist to ever since Cher to get nominated by the Grammys and Emmys . In 2013, during her era on Artpop, she was chosen to perform in a concert from iTunes . She has one of the highest heels ever walked on by a female artist . Her meat dress was showcased in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame . During her The Fame/Monster era, everyone called that it was her artistic era yet due to songs like LoveGame, Alejandro, Bad Romance, Telephone, Just Dance, Poker Face and Paparazzi. She is also the first female artist to get the most views in 2009 in YouTube for her video Bad Romance, Poker Face, LoveGame, Paparazzi, Eh Eh and Just Dance , and the first female artist to have 12 VEVO certified videos aside from GUY (An ArtPop Film) which counted songs such as Artpop, Venus, the main center of the video GUY and Manicure on the credits, Million Reasons, Til It Happens To You, Eh Eh, Beautiful Dirty Rich, Marry The Night and Telephone (Explicit)

In Guinness World Records, Lady Gaga’s the most famous popstar of 2010’s whereas Justin Bieber came second and Katy Perry came on the list. Aside from positive, Lady Gaga has been banned in countries due to her controversial blasphemy in videos and Illuminati demonic symbols which is not true said by the popstar, the center of the banning was her Born This Way Tour disappointing more than 5,000 fans all over Asia.

In 2011 and 2015, Lady Gaga came on working in Jazz with jazz legend Tony Bennett at the age of early 90 which made her album Cheek To Cheek including songs such as Bang Bang (My Lover Shot Me Down), Anything Goes and Firefly . In 2013/2014, Lady Gaga came venturing on acting which came on Machete Kills, her acting debut which lacks success but in 2015, Lady Gaga herself was in the cast of American Horror Story’s fifth season Hotel featuring as Elizabeth Bathory and she came back on acting in 2016 for the sixth season called Roanoke which stars as Scathách , a worshiper of bloodthirsty gods . In 2016, she came working again in music with Mark Ronson with the album Joanne with songs such as Hey Girl featuring singer Florence Welch, Perfect Illusion, the lead single and Million Reasons . She is also featured to have her own foundation Born This Way Foundation for bullied people and LGBTs and her hall of clothing called Haus of GaGa which featured her bubble dress, her outfit in the beginning of Bad Romance and the origami dress . By Rolling Stones, she is the new Queen of Pop to album sales, radio performance and et.


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Vitamins: What are they and what do they do?

Vitamins are organic compounds that are needed in small quantities to sustain life. Most vitamins need to come from food.

This is because the human body either does not produce enough of them, or it does not produce any at all.

Each organism has different vitamin requirements. For example, humans need to consume vitamin C, or ascorbic acid, but dogs do not. Dogs can produce, or synthesize, enough vitamin C for their own needs, but humans cannot.

People need to get most of their vitamin D from exposure to sunlight, because it is not available in large enough quantities in food. However, the human body can synthesize it when exposed to sunlight.

Different vitamins have different roles, and they are needed in different quantities.

This article explains what vitamins are, what they do, and which foods provide each type. Follow the links for more information about each type of vitamin.

Fast facts on vitaminsHere are some key points about vitamins. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.

  • There are 13 known vitamins.
  • Vitamins are either water-soluble or fat-soluble.
  • Fat-soluble vitamins are easier for the body to store than water-soluble.
  • Vitamins always contain carbon, so they are described as “organic.”
  • Food is the best source of vitamins, but some people may be advised by a physician to use supplements.

What are vitamins?

Fruits and vegetables

Fruits and vegetables are good sources of a range of vitamins.

A vitamin is one of a group of organic substances that is present in minute amounts in natural foodstuffs. Vitamins are essential to normal metabolism. If we do not take enough of any kind of vitamin, certain medical conditions can result.

A vitamin is both:

  • an organic compound, which means it contains carbon
  • an essential nutrient that body cannot produce enough of and which it needs to get from food

    Fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins

    Vitamins are either fat-soluble or water-soluble.

    Fat-soluble vitamins

    Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the fatty tissues of the body and the liver. Vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat-soluble. These are easier to store than water-soluble vitamins, and they can stay in the body as reserves for days, and sometimes months.

    Fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed through the intestinal tract with the help of fats, or lipids.

    Water-soluble vitamins

    Water-soluble vitamins do not stay in the body for long. The body cannot store them, and they are soon excreted in urine. Because of this, water-soluble vitamins need to be replaced more often than fat-soluble ones.

    Vitamin C and all the B vitamins are water soluble.


    Here are the different types of vitamins.

    Vitamin A

    Chemical names: Retinol, retinal, and four carotenoids, including beta carotene.

    • It is fat soluble.
    • Deficiency may cause night-blindness and keratomalacia, an eye disorder that results in a dry cornea.
    • Good sources include: Liver, cod liver oil, carrots, broccoli, sweet potato, butter, kale, spinach, pumpkin, collard greens, some cheeses, egg, apricot, cantaloupe melon, and milk.

    Vitamin B

    Chemical name: thiamine.

    • It is water soluble.
    • Deficiency may cause beriberi and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.
    • Good sources include: yeast, pork, cereal grains, sunflower seeds, brown rice, whole-grain rye, asparagus, kale, cauliflower, potatoes, oranges, liver, and eggs.
    • Vitamin B2

      Chemical name: Riboflavin

      • It is water soluble
      • Deficiency may cause ariboflavinosis
      • Good sources include: asparagus, bananas, persimmons, okra, chard, cottage cheese, milk, yogurt, meat, eggs, fish, and green beans

      Vitamin B3

      Chemical names: Niacin, niacinamide

      • It is water soluble.
      • Deficiency may cause pellagra, with symptoms of diarrhea, dermatitis, and mental disturbance.
      • Good sources include: liver, heart, kidney, chicken, beef, fish (tuna, salmon), milk, eggs, avocados, dates, tomatoes, leafy vegetables, broccoli, carrots, sweet potatoes, asparagus, nuts, whole-grains, legumes, mushrooms, and brewer’s yeast.

      Vitamin B5

      Chemical name: Pantothenic acid

      • It is water soluble.
      • Deficiency may cause paresthesia, or “pins and needles.”
      • Good sources include: meats, whole-grains (milling may remove it), broccoli, avocados, royal jelly, and fish ovaries.

      Vitamin B6

      Chemical names: Pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, pyridoxal

      • It is water soluble.
      • Deficiency may cause anemia, peripheral neuropathy, or damage to parts of the nervous system other than the brain and spinal cord.
      • Good sources include: meats, bananas, whole-grains, vegetables, and nuts. When milk is dried, it loses about half of its B6. Freezing and canning can also reduce content.

      Vitamin B7

      Chemical name: Biotin

      • it is water soluble.
      • Deficiency may cause dermatitis or enteritis, or inflammation of the intestine.
      • Good sources include: egg yolk, liver, some vegetables.

      Vitamin B9

      Chemical names: Folic acid, folinic acid

      • It is water soluble.
      • Deficiency during pregnancy is linked to birth defects. Pregnant women are encouraged to supplement folic acid for the entire year before becoming pregnant.
      • Good sources include: leafy vegetables, legumes, liver, baker’s yeast, some fortified grain products, and sunflower seeds. Several fruits have moderate amounts, as does beer.

      Vitamin B12

      Chemical names: Cyanocobalamin, hydroxocobalamin, methylcobalamin

      • It is water soluble.
      • Deficiency may cause megaloblastic anemia, a condition where bone marrow produces unusually large, abnormal, immature red blood cells.
      • Good sources include: fish, shellfish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk and dairy products, some fortified cereals and soy products, as well as fortified nutritional yeast.

      Vegans are advised to take B12 supplements.

      Vitamin C

      Chemical name: Ascorbic acid

      • It is water soluble.
      • Deficiency may cause megaloblastic anemia.
      • Good sources include: fruit and vegetables. The Kakadu plum and the camu camu fruit have the highest vitamin C contents of all foods. Liver also has high levels. Cooking destroys vitamin C.

      Vitamin D

      Chemical names: Ergocalciferol, cholecalciferol.

      • It is fat soluble.
      • Deficiency may cause rickets and osteomalacia, or softening of the bones.
      • Good sources: Exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) through sunlight or other sources causes vitamin D to be produced in the skin. Also found in fatty fish, eggs, beef liver, and mushrooms.

      Vitamin E

      Chemical names: Tocopherols, tocotrienols

      • It is fat soluble.
      • Deficiency is uncommon, but it may cause hemolytic anemia in newborns. This is a condition where blood cells are destroyed and removed from the blood too early.
      • Good sources include: Kiwi fruit, almonds, avocado, eggs, milk, nuts, leafy green vegetables, unheated vegetable oils, wheat germ, and whole-grains.

      Vitamin K

      Chemical names: Phylloquinone, menaquinones

      • It is fat soluble.
      • Deficiency may cause bleeding diathesis, an unusual susceptibility to bleeding.
      • Good sources include: leafy green vegetables, avocado, kiwi fruit. Parsley contains a lot of vitamin K.

Minimalist Home Office Design

The modern trend is indeed all about ‘less is more’ and the philosophy is pretty evident in the way current set of designers and architects and their designs for contemporary homes. With clients also increasingly opting for the sleek, stylish and clean look that has well-defined lines, interiors of modern homes seem to be following the minimalism trend to the core. Home office designs are also following the same path and that is only understandable as they need to blend in with the already existing interiors or seamlessly amalgamate with the rest of the house.Here is a collection of minimalist home office designs that vary in shape, size and often are accentuated by unique shades, colors and patterns that give them much needed individuality. Designs showcasing the fact that inspiration is never too far away; which one do you like the best?

Easy on the eye and on resources as well

One of the most essential advantages of opting for the minimalist design is that it not only is easy on your eyes and looks both contemporary and classy, but it also does not demand much in the form of materials that are needed. A home office that is minimalist in style also seems to need a lot less décor as cluttering it with too much takes away from the clean and clear lines.

Space is an absolute premium!

The undeniable fact of urban living spaces is that space is an absolute premium and every inch of it must be used to the optimum level. This is a trend that is not too surprisingly spreading to the smaller towns as well as there is a certain economic and ergonomic merit in such thinking. This demands home office spaces that are compact, do not take up too much leg space and blend in with the savvy layout of the remainder of the home. A demand that is fulfilled perfectly by current minimalist designs and office furnishings-

Trendy Decor Finds for the Small Home Office

The idea of a home office or home workspace where one spent considerable amount of time was a rarity not too long ago. But technology and changing lifestyles have completely altered the way homeowners look at home workspaces and today many are even willing to sacrifice a formal dining area or addition bedroom to accommodate a home office. As always, space becomes the key constraint when most of us start planning for a home office. From tiny corners in bedrooms and kitchen to multi-purpose rooms that can be used as workspaces, guest rooms and kids’ playrooms, there are plenty of ways in which we work around the spatial conundrum.

home office. But there still is the question of finding the right décor that combines space-savvy goodness with efficiency and aesthetics to create that perfect working environment. Today, we showcase the latest and trendiest décor finds for the small home workspace from Cattelan Italia and all of these look great even in the larger, more expansive home office. Be it a smart desk that allows you to multi-task or lighting that takes up absolutely no space at all, there is something here for everyone looking to complete their ideal home workspace –


Sensationally Sophisticated: Storm

Storm is well and truly a desk that stands up to its name with a design that literally creates a ‘design storm’ in your home work area or small home office. This slim, curvy and subtly masculine desk clad in leather is a showstopper no matter where it sits. Designed by Andrea Lucatello for Cattelan Italia, this stunning desk has a metallic base that comes in wide range of finishes and a tabletop that is clad in a leather of your choices and finish. With design that maximizes desk space and an additional area for accessories and more, this cool desk easily strands out from the crowd.

Curvy and Grand

If Storm is not to your liking then maybe you might want to give Malibu a try. A desk that is as curvy and stylish as Storm, Malibu feels far cozier with its wooden top and an aesthetic that transcends styles. For those who have more space to spare and are looking for a large office desk that offers ample storage space, Wall Street is the ideal choice. This grand desk is more at home in dedicated home office spaces and gives the room a more polished and formal look – an aura that is welcome for those who work from home regularly.

Stacking Up the Style Quotient!

Every home office needs some shelving; even if you are not really big on storing documents and files in physical form. The Harlem bookcase is perfect in this regard as its open form allows it to be used both as an efficient bookcase and storage area and also as a lovely display that can add a new aesthetic twist to the modern home office. And the final piece of the jigsaw comes in the form of the minimal, urbane and seemingly sculptural Oslo coffee table in black – a stylish statement piece that takes up little physical space.

Lights that Vanishes!

Rarely do we find lighting fixtures as adaptable, unique, slim and elegant as Fisherman. A BrogliatoTraverso design that is unlike any else, these uber-thin wall lamps are also super-flexible and provide you with a wide range of lighting options that varies from beautiful ambient lighting to focused illumination. Since they demand almost no space at all, they can be used in even the tiniest workspace with ease and with the right backdrop, you will not even notice their presence!